JavaScript/Dicas

JavaScript Rotinas DiversasEditar

Retirados do Editor de JavaScript "1st JavaScript Editor"

Browser code name

<script language='JavaScript' type='text/JavaScript'>
//Made by 1st JavaScript Editor
//http://www.yaldex.com
document.write('<p align=\'center\'><B>'+navigator.appCodeName+'</B></P>');
</script>

Browser language

document.write("<p align='center'><b>");
if (document.all){document.write(navigator.browserLanguage);}
else{document.write(navigator.language)}
document.write("</b></p>");

Browser Name

document.write('<p align=\'center\'><B>'+navigator.appName+'</B><P>');

Browser versão

document.write('<p align=\'center\'><B>'+navigator.appVersion+'</B></P>');

Color Depth

function twentieth() {return (screen.colorDepth);}document.write('<b>Your screen is currently using ' +
twentieth() + 'bit colour.</b>');

Screen Resolução

var fifteenth=0; var sixteenth=0;
if (self.screen) {     sixteenth = screen.width;fifteenth = screen.height}
else if (self.java) {   var jkit = java.awt.Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit();
var scrsize = jkit.getScreenSize();sixteenth = scrsize.width;fifteenth = scrsize.height; }
document.writeln('<p align=\'center\'>');
if (sixteenth > 0 && fifteenth > 0) {document.writeln('Screen Resolution: ',sixteenth,' x ',fifteenth); }
else {document.writeln('Your screen resolution cannot be determined');}
document.writeln('</p>');

Adicionar aos favoritos

<a href="javascript:window.external.AddFavorite(document.location,'');">Add to Favorites!</a>

Botões coloridos

<head>
<style type="text/css">
.initial2{
  font-weight:bold;
  background-color:red;
  font-family: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}
</style>
<script type="text/javascript">
var fifteenth="";
function sixteenth(seventeenth, nineteenth){var twentieth=window.event? event.srcElement: seventeenth.target;
if (twentieth.tagName=="INPUT"&&twentieth.type=="button")twentieth.style.backgroundColor=nineteenth;}
function third2(fourth2){
if (fifteenth=="")window.location=fourth2;
else if (fifteenth=="_new")window.open(fourth2);
else parent[fifteenth].location=fourth2;}
</script>
	<title></title>
</head>
<body>

<form onMouseover="sixteenth(event, 'yellow')" onMouseout="sixteenth(event, 'red')">
    <input type="button" value="Get More Products!" class="initial2" onClick="third2('http://yaldex.com')">
</form>
</body>

Link para e-mail

<a href ='mailto:support@yaldex.com?subject=enter subject here &cc=another@youremail.com'>Email Me!</a>

Tornar sua Página Inicial

<a href="#"  onClick="this.style.behavior='url(#default#homepage)';
this.setHomePage(document.location);">Click here to make this page your starting page.</a>

Link Descrição on MouseOver

function fifteenth(sixteenth, seventeenth) {var eighteenth,nineteenth,twentieth;
if(!seventeenth) seventeenth=document;
if((eighteenth=sixteenth.indexOf('?'))>0&&parent.frames.length) {
seventeenth=parent.frames[sixteenth.substring(eighteenth+1)].document;
sixteenth=sixteenth.substring(0,eighteenth);
}
if(!(twentieth=seventeenth[sixteenth])&&seventeenth.all) twentieth=seventeenth.all[sixteenth];
 for (nineteenth=0;!twentieth&&nineteenth<seventeenth.forms.length;nineteenth++)
twentieth=seventeenth.forms[nineteenth][sixteenth];
for(nineteenth=0;!twentieth&&seventeenth.layers&&nineteenth<seventeenth.layers.length;
nineteenth++) twentieth=fifteenth(sixteenth,seventeenth.layers[nineteenth].document);
if(!twentieth && seventeenth.getElementById) twentieth=seventeenth.getElementById(sixteenth);
return twentieth;}
function first2(second2,twentieth,third2,fourth2) { var fifth2 = fifteenth(second2);
if (fifth2 && (third2.indexOf('style.')==-1 || fifth2.style)){
if (fourth2 == true || fourth2 == false)eval('fifth2.'+third2+'='+fourth2);
else eval("fifth2."+third2+"='"+fourth2+"'");}}

Botão Imprimir

<form>
    <input type=button value='Imprimir' onClick='javascript:window.print()'>
</form>

Reload Página

<a href='JavaScript:window.location.reload()'>Click to Reload!</a>

Relógio com Barras Coloridas

<head>
<style type='text/css'>
TH {text-align:right};SPAN {vertical-align:bottom};
</style>
<script language='JavaScript'>
var fifteenth = new Date();var sixteenth = 6;var seventeenth = 3;
function eighteenth() {
	with(document.all) {
		nineteenth.style.setExpression('width','fifteenth.getHours() * sixteenth * seventeenth','jscript');
			twentieth.setExpression('innerHTML','fifteenth.getHours()','jscript');
			first2.style.setExpression('width','fifteenth.getMinutes() * sixteenth','jscript');
			second2.setExpression('innerHTML','fifteenth.getMinutes()','jscript');
			third2.style.setExpression('width','fifteenth.getSeconds() * sixteenth','jscript');
			fourth2.setExpression('innerHTML','fifteenth.getSeconds()','jscript')
        }
        fifth2();
}

function fifth2() {
	fifteenth = new Date();
	document.recalc();
	setTimeout('fifth2()',1000);
}
window.onload=eighteenth;
</script>
<title></title>
</head>

<body>

<TABLE BORDER=0><TR>	<TH>Hours:</TH>	<TD>
<SPAN ID='nineteenth' STYLE='background-color:red'></SPAN>&nbsp;
<SPAN ID='twentieth'></SPAN></TD></TR><TR>
<TH>Minutes:</TH>	<TD>
<SPAN ID='first2' STYLE='background-color:yellow'></SPAN>&nbsp;
<SPAN ID='second2'></SPAN></TD></TR><TR>
<TH>Seconds:</TH>	<TD>
<SPAN ID='third2' STYLE='background-color:#00FF40'></SPAN>&nbsp;
<SPAN ID='fourth2'></SPAN></TD></TR></TABLE>
</body>

Data Atual

var data=new Date();
var ano=data.getFullYear();
var dia=data.getDay();
var mes=data.getMonth()+1;
if (mes<10)mes='0'+mes;var hoje=data.getDate();
if (hoje<10)hoje='0'+hoje;
document.write('<code>'+hoje+'/'+mes+'/'+ano+'</code>');

Calendário do ano

function fifteenth(sixteenth) {document.write('<TD ALIGN=center WIDTH=36>'+sixteenth+'</TD>');
}function seventeenth(eighteenth,nineteenth) {
if ((twentieth == eighteenth) && (first2 == nineteenth))document.write('<FONT COLOR=\'#FF000f\'>');
}function second2(third2) {this.length=third2;
for (var fourth2 = 1;
fourth2 <= third2; fourth2++)this[fourth2] = 0;
return this;
}function fifth2(sixth2,fifteenth3,nineteenth) {eighteenth=1;
document.write('<center><TABLE BORDER=3 CELLSPACING=3 CELLPADDING=%3><TR>');
document.write('<TD COLSPAN=7 ALIGN=center><B>'+sixth2+'   '+sixteenth3+'</B><TR>');
fifteenth('Sun');
fifteenth('Mon');
fifteenth('Tue');
fifteenth('Wed');
fifteenth('Thu');
fifteenth('Fri');
fifteenth('Sat');
document.write('</TR><TR>');
for (var fourth2=1;
fourth2<seventeenth3;
fourth2++) {document.write('<TD>');
}for (var fourth2=seventeenth3;
fourth2<8;
fourth2++) {document.write('<TD ALIGN=center>');
seventeenth(eighteenth,nineteenth);
document.write(eighteenth+"</TD><FONT COLOR='#000000'>");
eighteenth++;
}document.write('<TR>');
while (eighteenth <= fifteenth3) {for (var fourth2=1;
fourth2<=7 && eighteenth<=fifteenth3;
fourth2++) {document.write('<TD ALIGN=center>');
seventeenth(eighteenth,nineteenth);
document.write(eighteenth+"</TD><FONT COLOR='#000000'>");
eighteenth++;
}document.write('</TR><TR>');
}document.write('</TR></TABLE></center><BR>');
seventeenth3 = fourth2;
}eighteenth3=new second2(12);
eighteenth3[1]='January';
eighteenth3[2]='February';
eighteenth3[3]='March';
eighteenth3[4]='April';
eighteenth3[5]='May';
eighteenth3[6]='June';
eighteenth3[7]='July';
eighteenth3[8]='August';
eighteenth3[9]='September';
eighteenth3[10]='October';
eighteenth3[11]='November';
eighteenth3[12]='December';
nineteenth3 = new second2(12);
nineteenth3[1]=31;
nineteenth3[2]=28;
nineteenth3[3]=31;
nineteenth3[4]=30;
nineteenth3[5]=31;
nineteenth3[6]=30;
nineteenth3[7]=31;
nineteenth3[8]=31;
nineteenth3[9]=30;
nineteenth3[10]=31;
nineteenth3[11]=30;
nineteenth3[12]=31;
twentieth3 = new Date();
twentieth = twentieth3.getDate();
first2 = twentieth3.getMonth()+1;
sixteenth3 = twentieth3.getFullYear();
first4 = new Date('January 1, 19'+sixteenth3);
seventeenth3 = first4.getDay()+1;
if (seventeenth3 == 1){ seventeenth3 = 8;
}for (var second4 = 1;
second4<=12;
second4++){fifth2(eighteenth3[second4],nineteenth3[second4],second4);
}

Habilitar Botão Submit

<script>
var second2;
function fifteenth(sixteenth){
	second2=sixteenth;
	if (document.all||document.getElementById){
		for (seventeenth=0;
			seventeenth<second2.form.length;seventeenth++){
			var eighteenth=second2.form.elements[seventeenth];
			if(eighteenth.type.toLowerCase()=="submit")eighteenth.disabled=!second2.checked;
		}
	}
}

function first2(sixteenth){if (!document.all&&!document.getElementById){
	if (window.second2&&second2.checked)return true;
	else{
			alert("Please accept terms to submit form");return false;
		}
	}
}
</script>
<title></title>
</head>
<body>

<form name="agrform" onSubmit="return first2(this)">Remainder of your form here<br>
    <input name="agrcheck" type="checkbox" onClick="fifteenth(this)"><b>I agree to these terms</b><br>
    <input type="Submit" value="Submit" disabled>
</form>
<script>
document.forms.agrform.agrcheck.checked=false;
</script>

Desabilitar Enter

<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
function fifteenth (sixteenth, event) {
	var seventeenth = event.keyCode ? event.keyCode : event.which ? event.which : event.charCode;
	if (seventeenth == 13) {			var eighteenth;
		for (eighteenth = 0; eighteenth < sixteenth.form.elements.length; eighteenth++)
			if (sixteenth == sixteenth.form.elements[eighteenth])
			break;
			eighteenth = (eighteenth + 1) % sixteenth.form.elements.length;
			sixteenth.form.elements[eighteenth].focus();
			return false;
		}
	else
	return true;
}
</script>
<title></title>
</head>
<body>

<form>
    <input type="text" onkeypress="return fifteenth(this, event)"><br>
    <input type="text" onkeypress="return fifteenth(this, event)"><br>
    <textarea>Here is some text</textarea>
</form>
</body>

Background Color

<form method="POST" name="background">
    <input type="button" value="green" onclick="document.bgColor='green'">
    <input type="button" value="blue" onclick="document.bgColor='blue'">
    <input type="button" value="orange" onclick="document.bgColor='orange'">
    <input type="button" value="gray" onclick="document.bgColor='gray'">
    <input type="button" value="red" onclick="document.bgColor='red'">
    <input type="button" value="yellow" onclick="document.bgColor='yellow'">
    <input type="button" value="black" onclick="document.bgColor='black'">
    <input type="button" value="white" onclick="document.bgColor='white'">
</form>

Acesso aos Drives

<form action='file:///a|/'>
    <input type='submit' value='A:\ drive'>
</form><p>
<form action='file:///c|/'>
    <input type='submit' value='C:\ drive'>
</form><p>
<form action='file:///d|/'>
    <input type='submit' value='D:\ drive'>
</form><p>

Última modificação

document.write('Última Modificação ' + document.lastModified);

Detectar Clique com botão Direito

var tenth='';
function ninth() {
    if (document.all) {
        (tenth);
        alert("Enter Your Text Here");
        return false;
    }
}
function twelfth(e) {
    if (document.layers||(document.getElementById&&!document.all)) {
    if (e.which==2||e.which==3) {(tenth);return false;}}}
    if (document.layers) {document.captureEvents(Event.MOUSEDOWN);document.onmousedown=twelfth;}
        else{document.onmouseup=twelfth;document.oncontextmenu=ninth;}
            document.oncontextmenu=new Function('alert("Clicou com o botão direito"); return false')
</script>

OnLoad - evento que ocorre ao abrir uma página

OnUnload - evento que ocorre ao fechar uma página

OnResize - evento que ocorre ao alterar o tamanho (redimensionar) de uma página

Maximizar ao Abrir

window.moveTo(0,0);
if (document.all) {top.window.resizeTo(screen.availWidth,screen.availHeight);}
else if (document.layers||document.getElementById) {
if (top.window.outerHeight<screen.availHeight||top.window.outerWidth<screen.availWidth){
top.window.outerHeight = screen.availHeight;
top.window.outerWidth = screen.availWidth;}}

Validando Formulários com JavaScript

É muito importante a validação de dados entrados pelos usuários com JavaScript, pois torna-se útil aos usuários no caso de erro, quando não perdem os dados que digitaram. Dependendo de como foi elaborado, a página nem é submetida e todos os dados são preservador, precisando apenas corrigir o campo errado e submeter novamente.

Também temos de lembrar de validar os mesmos dados em PHP (se for essa a nossa linguagem do lado do servidor), pois o JavaScript pode estar desativado no navegador do usuário.

Veja uma boa coleção de funções para validação de formulários pelo JavaScript do site:

http://www.webcheatsheet.com/javascript/form_validation.php
function validateFormOnSubmit(theForm) {
var reason = "";

  reason += validateUsername(theForm.username);
  reason += validatePassword(theForm.pwd);
  reason += validateEmail(theForm.email);
  reason += validatePhone(theForm.phone);
  reason += validateEmpty(theForm.from);

  if (reason != "") {
    alert("Some fields need correction:\n" + reason);
    return false;
  }

  return true;
}

function validateEmpty(fld) {
    var error = "";

    if (fld.value.length == 0) {
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "The required field has not been filled in.\n"
    } else {
        fld.style.background = 'White';
    }
    return error;
}

function validateUsername(fld) {
    var error = "";
    var illegalChars = /\W/; // allow letters, numbers, and underscores

    if (fld.value == "") {
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "You didn't enter a username.\n";
    } else if ((fld.value.length < 5) || (fld.value.length > 15)) {
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "The username is the wrong length.\n";
    } else if (illegalChars.test(fld.value)) {
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "The username contains illegal characters.\n";
    } else {
        fld.style.background = 'White';
    }
    return error;
}

function validatePassword(fld) {
    var error = "";
    var illegalChars = /[\W_]/; // allow only letters and numbers

    if (fld.value == "") {
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "You didn't enter a password.\n";
    } else if ((fld.value.length < 7) || (fld.value.length > 15)) {
        error = "The password is the wrong length. \n";
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
    } else if (illegalChars.test(fld.value)) {
        error = "The password contains illegal characters.\n";
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
    } else if (!((fld.value.search(/(a-z)+/)) && (fld.value.search(/(0-9)+/)))) {
        error = "The password must contain at least one numeral.\n";
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
    } else {
        fld.style.background = 'White';
    }
   return error;
}

function trim(s)
{
  return s.replace(/^\s+|\s+$/, '');
}

function validateEmail(fld) {
    var error="";
    var tfld = trim(fld.value);                        // value of field with whitespace trimmed off
    var emailFilter = /^[^@]+@[^@.]+\.[^@]*\w\w$/ ;
    var illegalChars= /[\(\)\<\>\,\;\:\\\"\[\]]/ ;

    if (fld.value == "") {
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "You didn't enter an email address.\n";
    } else if (!emailFilter.test(tfld)) {              //test email for illegal characters
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "Please enter a valid email address.\n";
    } else if (fld.value.match(illegalChars)) {
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
        error = "The email address contains illegal characters.\n";
    } else {
        fld.style.background = 'White';
    }
    return error;
}

function validatePhone(fld) {
    var error = "";
    var stripped = fld.value.replace(/[\(\)\.\-\ ]/g, '');

   if (fld.value == "") {
        error = "You didn't enter a phone number.\n";
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
    } else if (isNaN(parseInt(stripped))) {
        error = "The phone number contains illegal characters.\n";
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
    } else if (!(stripped.length == 10)) {
        error = "The phone number is the wrong length. Make sure you included an area code.\n";
        fld.style.background = 'Yellow';
    }
    return error;
}

<html>
<head>
<title>WebCheatSheet - JavaScript Tutorial</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1>WebCheatSheet - JavaScript Tutorial</h1>

<form name="demo" onsubmit="return validateFormOnSubmit(this)" action="test.htm">
<table summary="Demonstration form">
  <tbody>
  <tr>
    <td><label for="username">Your user name:</label></td>
    <td><input name="username" size="35" maxlength="50" type="text"></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><label for="pwd">Your password</label></td>
    <td><input name="pwd" size="35" maxlength="25" type="password"></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><label for="email">Your email:</label></td>
    <td><input name="email" size="35" maxlength="30" type="text"></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td><label for="phone">Your telephone number:</label></td>
    <td><input name="phone" size="35" maxlength="25" type="text"></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>
        <label for="from">Where are you :</label></td>
    <td><input name="from" size="35" maxlength="50" type="text"></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
    <td><input name="Submit" value="Send" type="submit" ></td>
    <td>&nbsp;</td>
  </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
</form>

</body>
</html>

Outro site muito bom

http://www.tizag.com/javascriptT/javascriptform.php
<script type='text/javascript'>

function formValidator(){
	// Make quick references to our fields
	var firstname = document.getElementById('firstname');
	var addr = document.getElementById('addr');
	var zip = document.getElementById('zip');
	var state = document.getElementById('state');
	var username = document.getElementById('username');
	var email = document.getElementById('email');

	// Check each input in the order that it appears in the form!
	if(isAlphabet(firstname, "Please enter only letters for your name")){
		if(isAlphanumeric(addr, "Numbers and Letters Only for Address")){
			if(isNumeric(zip, "Please enter a valid zip code")){
				if(madeSelection(state, "Please Choose a State")){
					if(lengthRestriction(username, 6, 8)){
						if(emailValidator(email, "Please enter a valid email address")){
							return true;
						}
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}

	return false;

}

function isEmpty(elem, helperMsg){
	if(elem.value.length == 0){
		alert(helperMsg);
		elem.focus(); // set the focus to this input
		return true;
	}
	return false;
}

function isNumeric(elem, helperMsg){
	var numericExpression = /^[0-9]+$/;
	if(elem.value.match(numericExpression)){
		return true;
	}else{
		alert(helperMsg);
		elem.focus();
		return false;
	}
}

function isAlphabet(elem, helperMsg){
	var alphaExp = /^[a-zA-Z]+$/;
	if(elem.value.match(alphaExp)){
		return true;
	}else{
		alert(helperMsg);
		elem.focus();
		return false;
	}
}

function isAlphanumeric(elem, helperMsg){
	var alphaExp = /^[0-9a-zA-Z]+$/;
	if(elem.value.match(alphaExp)){
		return true;
	}else{
		alert(helperMsg);
		elem.focus();
		return false;
	}
}

function lengthRestriction(elem, min, max){
	var uInput = elem.value;
	if(uInput.length >= min && uInput.length <= max){
		return true;
	}else{
		alert("Please enter between " +min+ " and " +max+ " characters");
		elem.focus();
		return false;
	}
}

function madeSelection(elem, helperMsg){
	if(elem.value == "Please Choose"){
		alert(helperMsg);
		elem.focus();
		return false;
	}else{
		return true;
	}
}

function emailValidator(elem, helperMsg){
	var emailExp = /^[\w\-\.\+]+\@[a-zA-Z0-9\.\-]+\.[a-zA-z0-9]{2,4}$/;
	if(elem.value.match(emailExp)){
		return true;
	}else{
		alert(helperMsg);
		elem.focus();
		return false;
	}
}
</script>

<form onsubmit='return formValidator()' >
First Name: <input type='text' id='firstname' /><br />
Address: <input type='text' id='addr' /><br />
Zip Code: <input type='text' id='zip' /><br />
State: <select id='state'>
	<option>Please Choose</option>
	<option>AL</option>
	<option>CA</option>
	<option>TX</option>
	<option>WI</option>
</select><br />
Username(6-8 characters): <input type='text' id='username' /><br />
Email: <input type='text' id='email' /><br />
<input type='submit' value='Check Form' />
</form>